New England Journal of Medicine, 1986
Authors: T. D. Bradley, I. G. Brown, R. F. Grossman, N. Zamel, D.
Martizez, E. A Phillipson, and V. Hoffstein
Conclusion: “In summary, our findings indicate that patients with obstructive sleep apnea and snorers without apnea have abnormalities of the anatomical and mechanical features of the pharynx that distinguish them from each other and from normal subjects who do not snore. It thus appears that anatomical abnormalities of the pharynx, coupled with abnormal pharyngeal mechanics, are important factors in the pathogenesis of both snoring and obstructive sleep apnea